数码控科技猎奇Iphone动漫星座游戏电竞lolcosplay王者荣耀攻略allcnewsBLOGNEWSBLOGASKBLOGBLOGZSK全部技术问答问答技术问答it问答代码软件新闻开发博客电脑/网络手机/数码笔记本电脑互联网操作系统软件硬件编程开发360产品资源分享电脑知识文档中心IT全部全部分类全部分类技术牛文全部分类教程最新网页制作cms教程平面设计媒体动画操作系统网站运营网络安全服务器教程数据库工具网络安全软件教学vbscript正则表达式javascript批处理更多»编程更新教程更新游戏更新allitnewsJava新闻网络医疗信息化安全创业站长电商科技访谈域名会议专栏创业动态融资创投创业学院 / 产品经理创业公司人物访谈营销开发数据库服务器系统虚拟化云计算嵌入式移动开发作业作业1常见软件all电脑网络手机数码生活游戏体育运动明星影音休闲爱好文化艺术社会民生教育科学医疗健康金融管理情感社交地区其他电脑互联网软件硬件编程开发360相关产品手机平板其他电子产品摄影器材360硬件通讯智能设备购物时尚生活常识美容塑身服装服饰出行旅游交通汽车购房置业家居装修美食烹饪单机电脑游戏网页游戏电视游戏桌游棋牌游戏手机游戏小游戏掌机游戏客户端游戏集体游戏其他游戏体育赛事篮球足球其他运动球类运动赛车健身运动运动用品影视娱乐人物音乐动漫摄影摄像收藏宠物幽默搞笑起名花鸟鱼虫茶艺彩票星座占卜书画美术舞蹈小说图书器乐声乐小品相声戏剧戏曲手工艺品历史话题时事政治就业职场军事国防节日风俗法律法规宗教礼仪礼节自然灾害360维权社会人物升学入学人文社科外语资格考试公务员留学出国家庭教育学习方法语文物理生物工程学农业数学化学健康知识心理健康孕育早教内科外科妇产科儿科皮肤科五官科男科整形中医药品传染科其他疾病医院两性肿瘤科创业投资企业管理财务税务银行股票金融理财基金债券保险贸易商务文书国民经济爱情婚姻家庭烦恼北京上海重庆天津黑龙江吉林辽宁河北内蒙古山西陕西宁夏甘肃青海新疆西藏四川贵州云南河南湖北湖南山东江苏浙江安徽江西福建广东广西海南香港澳门台湾海外地区

python利用微信公众号实现报警功能

来源:脚本之家  责任编辑:小易  

微信公众号共有三种,服务号、订阅号、企业号。它们在获取AccessToken上各有不同。

其中订阅号比较坑,它的AccessToken是需定时刷新,重复获取将导致上次获取的AccessToken失效。

而企业号就比较好,AccessToken有效期同样为7200秒,但有效期内重复获取返回相同结果。

为兼容这两种方式,因此按照订阅号的方式处理。

 处理办法与接口文档中的要求相同:

为了保密appsecrect,第三方需要一个access_token获取和刷新的中控服务器。

而其他业务逻辑服务器所使用的access_token均来自于该中控服务器,不应该各自去刷新,否则会造成access_token覆盖而影响业务。

 下面的代码以企业号为例,将access_token储存在sqlite3数据库中,相比储存在文本中,放在数

据库里,可以为后期存放其他数据提供向后兼容。如果放在文本中,则不如放在数据库中灵活。

设计思路和使用方法:

自动创建sqlite3数据库,包括表结构和数据,并能在数据库表结构不存在或者数据不存在或遭删除的情况下,创建新的可用的数据

尽可能的保证Class中每一个可执行的函数单独调用都能成功。

Class中只将真正能被用到的方法和变量设置为public的。

使用时只需要修改此文件中的weixin_qy_CorpID和weixin_qy_Secret改成自己的,并import此文件,使

用WeiXinTokenClass().get()方法即可得到access_token。

#!/usr/bin/python
# encoding: utf-8
# -*- coding: utf8 -*-
#Python学习群125240963每天更新资料,包括2018最新企业级项目案例,同千人一起交流。
import os
import sqlite3
import sys
import urllib
import urllib2
import json
import datetime
# import time
enable_debug = True
def debug(msg, code=None):
  if enable_debug:
    if code is None:
      print "message: %s" % msg
    else:
      print "message: %s, code: %s " % (msg, code)
AUTHOR_MAIL = "uberurey_ups@163.com"
weixin_qy_CorpID = "your_corpid"
weixin_qy_Secret = "your_secret"
# Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...)
BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
# Database
# https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.9/ref/settings/#databases
DATABASES = {
  'default': {
    'ENGINE': 'db.backends.sqlite3',
    'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, '.odbp_db.sqlite3'),
  }
}
sqlite3_db_file = str(DATABASES['default']['NAME'])
def sqlite3_conn(database):
  try:
    conn = sqlite3.connect(database)
  except sqlite3.Error:
    print >> sys.stderr, """\
  There was a problem connecting to Database:
    %s
  The error leading to this problem was:
    %s
  It's possible that this database is broken or permission denied.
  If you cannot solve this problem yourself, please mail to:
    %s
  """ % (database, sys.exc_value, AUTHOR_MAIL)
    sys.exit(1)
  else:
    return conn
def sqlite3_commit(conn):
  return conn.commit()
def sqlite3_close(conn):
  return conn.close()
def sqlite3_execute(database, sql):
  try:
    sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(database)
    sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
    sql_cursor.execute(sql)
    sql_conn.commit()
    sql_conn.close()
  except sqlite3.Error as e:
    print e
    sys.exit(1)
def sqlite3_create_table_token():
  sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
  sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
  sql_cursor.execute('''CREATE TABLE "main"."weixin_token" (
        "id" INTEGER ,
        "access_token" TEXT,
        "expires_in" TEXT,
        "expires_on" TEXT,
        "is_expired" INTEGER
        )
        ;
  ''')
  sqlite3_commit(sql_conn)
  sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
def sqlite3_create_table_account():
  sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
  sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
  sql_cursor.execute('''CREATE TABLE "main"."weixin_account" (
        "id" INTEGER,
        "name" TEXT,
        "corpid" TEXT,
        "secret" TEXT,
        "current" INTEGER
        )
        ;
  ''')
  sqlite3_commit(sql_conn)
  sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
def sqlite3_create_tables():
  print "sqlite3_create_tables"
  sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
  sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
  sql_cursor.execute('''CREATE TABLE "main"."weixin_token" (
        "id" INTEGER ,
        "access_token" TEXT,
        "expires_in" TEXT,
        "expires_on" TEXT,
        "is_expired" INTEGER
        )
        ;
  ''')
  sql_cursor.execute('''CREATE TABLE "main"."weixin_account" (
        "id" INTEGER,
        "name" TEXT,
        "corpid" TEXT,
        "secret" TEXT,
        "current" INTEGER
        )
        ;
  ''')
  sqlite3_commit(sql_conn)
  sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
def sqlite3_set_credential(corpid, secret):
  try:
    sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
    sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
    sql_cursor.execute('''INSERT INTO "weixin_account" ("id", "name", "corpid", "secret", "current") VALUES
                (1,
                'odbp',
                ?,
                ?,
                1)
''', (corpid, secret))
    sqlite3_commit(sql_conn)
    sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
  except sqlite3.Error:
    sqlite3_create_table_account()
    sqlite3_set_credential(corpid, secret)
def sqlite3_set_token(access_token, expires_in, expires_on, is_expired):
  try:
    sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
    sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
    sql_cursor.execute('''INSERT INTO "weixin_token"
               ("id", "access_token", "expires_in", "expires_on", "is_expired") VALUES
               (
               1,
               ?,
               ?,
               ?,
               ?
               )
''', (access_token, expires_in, expires_on, is_expired))
    sqlite3_commit(sql_conn)
    sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
  except sqlite3.Error:
    sqlite3_create_table_token()
    sqlite3_set_token(access_token, expires_in, expires_on, is_expired)
def sqlite3_get_credential():
  try:
    sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
    sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
    credential = sql_cursor.execute('''SELECT "corpid", "secret" FROM weixin_account WHERE current == 1;''')
    result = credential.fetchall()
    sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
  except sqlite3.Error:
    sqlite3_set_credential(weixin_qy_CorpID, weixin_qy_Secret)
    return sqlite3_get_credential()
  else:
    if result is not None and len(result) != 0:
      return result
    else:
      print "unrecoverable problem, please alter to %s" % AUTHOR_MAIL
      sys.exit(1)
def sqlite3_get_token():
  try:
    sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
    sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
    credential = sql_cursor.execute(
      '''SELECT "access_token", "expires_on" FROM weixin_token WHERE "is_expired" == 1 ;''')
    result = credential.fetchall()
    sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
  except sqlite3.Error:
    info = sys.exc_info()
    print info[0], ":", info[1]
  else:
    if result is not None and len(result) != 0:
      return result
    else:
      # print "unrecoverable problem, please alter to %s" % AUTHOR_MAIL
      # sys.exit(1)
      return None
def sqlite3_update_token(access_token, expires_on):
  sql_conn = sqlite3_conn(sqlite3_db_file)
  sql_cursor = sql_conn.cursor()
  sql_cursor.execute('''UPDATE "weixin_token" SET
             access_token=?,
             expires_on=?
             WHERE _ROWID_ = 1;''', (access_token, expires_on)
            )
  sqlite3_commit(sql_conn)
  sqlite3_close(sql_conn)
class WeiXinTokenClass(object):
  def __init__(self):
    self.__corpid = None
    self.__corpsecret = None
    self.__use_persistence = True
    self.__access_token = None
    self.__expires_in = None
    self.__expires_on = None
    self.__is_expired = None
    if self.__use_persistence:
      self.__corpid = sqlite3_get_credential()[0][0]
      self.__corpsecret = sqlite3_get_credential()[0][1]
    else:
      self.__corpid = weixin_qy_CorpID
      self.__corpsecret = weixin_qy_Secret
  def __get_token_from_weixin_qy_api(self):
    parameters = {
      "corpid": self.__corpid,
      "corpsecret": self.__corpsecret
    }
    url_parameters = urllib.urlencode(parameters)
    token_url = "https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?"
    url = token_url + url_parameters
    response = urllib2.urlopen(url)
    result = response.read()
    token_json = json.loads(result)
    if token_json['access_token'] is not None:
      get_time_now = datetime.datetime.now()
      # TODO(Guodong Ding) token will expired ahead of time or not expired after the time
      expire_time = get_time_now + datetime.timedelta(seconds=token_json['expires_in'])
      token_json['expires_on'] = str(expire_time)
      self.__access_token = token_json['access_token']
      self.__expires_in = token_json['expires_in']
      self.__expires_on = token_json['expires_on']
      self.__is_expired = 1
      try:
        token_result_set = sqlite3_get_token()
      except sqlite3.Error:
        token_result_set = None
      if token_result_set is None and len(token_result_set) == 0:
        sqlite3_set_token(self.__access_token, self.__expires_in, self.__expires_on, self.__is_expired)
      else:
        if self.__is_token_expired() is True:
          sqlite3_update_token(self.__access_token, self.__expires_on)
        else:
          debug("pass")
          return
    else:
      if token_json['errcode'] is not None:
        print "errcode is: %s" % token_json['errcode']
        print "errmsg is: %s" % token_json['errmsg']
      else:
        print result
  def __get_token_from_persistence_storage(self):
    try:
      token_result_set = sqlite3_get_token()
    except sqlite3.Error:
      self.__get_token_from_weixin_qy_api()
    finally:
      if token_result_set is None:
        self.__get_token_from_weixin_qy_api()
        token_result_set = sqlite3_get_token()
        access_token = token_result_set[0][0]
        expire_time = token_result_set[0][1]
      else:
        access_token = token_result_set[0][0]
        expire_time = token_result_set[0][1]
    expire_time = datetime.datetime.strptime(expire_time, '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f')
    now_time = datetime.datetime.now()
    if now_time < expire_time:
      # print "The token is %s" % access_token
      # print "The token will expire on %s" % expire_time
      return access_token
    else:
      self.__get_token_from_weixin_qy_api()
      return self.__get_token_from_persistence_storage()
  @staticmethod
  def __is_token_expired():
    try:
      token_result_set = sqlite3_get_token()
    except sqlite3.Error as e:
      print e
      sys.exit(1)
    expire_time = token_result_set[0][1]
    expire_time = datetime.datetime.strptime(expire_time, '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.%f')
    now_time = datetime.datetime.now()
    if now_time < expire_time:
      return False
    else:
      return True
  def get(self):
    return self.__get_token_from_persistence_storage()

Python实现通过微信企业号发送文本消息的Class

编程要点和调用方法:

支持发送中文,核心语句“payload = json.dumps(self.data, encoding='utf-8', ensure_ascii=False)”,关键字“python json 中文”

这个Class只有一个公共方法send()。

使用方法:import这个class,然后调用send方法即可,方法参数只需要两个,给谁(多UserID用"|"隔开),内容是什么,例如:

import odbp_sendMessage
msg = odbp_sendMessage.WeiXinSendMsgClass()
msg.send("dingguodong", "Python 大魔王!")
#!/usr/bin/python
# encoding: utf-8
# -*- coding: utf8 -*-
"""
Created by PyCharm.
File:        LinuxBashShellScriptForOps:odbp_sendMessage.py
User:        Guodong
Create Date:    2016/8/12
Create Time:    14:49
 """
import odbp_getToken
class WeiXinSendMsgClass(object):
  def __init__(self):
    self.access_token = odbp_getToken.WeiXinTokenClass().get()
    self.to_user = ""
    self.to_party = ""
    self.to_tag = ""
    self.msg_type = "text"
    self.agent_id = 2
    self.content = ""
    self.safe = 0
    self.data = {
      "touser": self.to_user,
      "toparty": self.to_party,
      "totag": self.to_tag,
      "msgtype": self.msg_type,
      "agentid": self.agent_id,
      "text": {
        "content": self.content
      },
      "safe": self.safe
    }
  def send(self, to_user, content):
    if to_user is not None and content is not None:
      self.data['touser'] = to_user
      self.data['text']['content'] = content
    else:
      print
      raise RuntimeError
    import requests
    import json
    url = "https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send"
    querystring = {"access_token": self.access_token}
    payload = json.dumps(self.data, encoding='utf-8', ensure_ascii=False)
    headers = {
      'content-type': "application/json",
      'cache-control': "no-cache",
    }
    response = requests.request("POST", url, data=payload, headers=headers, params=querystring)
    return_content = json.loads(response.content)
    if return_content["errcode"] == 0 and return_content["errmsg"] == "ok":
      print "Send successfully! %s " % return_content
    else:
      print "Send failed! %s " % return_content

python调用mongodb发送微信企业号

python2.x

注意:data变量里, agent_id为刚刚创建的应用id(可在web页面看到)

toparty即为目标部门,或者可以用touser,totag指定目标账户

比较简单的调用,已实测,可以使用。

#coding:utf-8
import sys
import requests
import json
from pymongo import MongoClient
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
class Weixin(object):
  def __init__(self, corp_id, corp_secret):
    self.token_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=%s&corpsecret=%s' %(corp_id, corp_secret)
    self.send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token='
  def get_token(self):
    try:
      r = requests.get(self.token_url, timeout=10)
    except Exception as e:
      print e
      sys.exit(1)
    if r.status_code == requests.codes.ok:
      data = r.json()
      if data.get('errcode'):
        print data['errmsg']
        sys.exit(1)
      return data['access_token']
    else:
      print r.status_code
      sys.exit(1)
  def send(self,message):
    url = self.send_url + self.get_token()
    data = {
      "touser": "hequan2011",
      "msgtype": "text",
      "agentid": "0",
      "text": {
        "content": message
      },
      "safe":"0"
    }
    send_data = json.dumps(data,ensure_ascii=False)
    try:
      r = requests.post(url, send_data)
    except Exception, e:
      print e
      sys.exit(1)
    if r.status_code == requests.codes.ok:
      print r.json()
    else:
      print r.code
      sys.exit(1)
corpid = 'xxxxxxxxxxx'
corpsecret = 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'
client = MongoClient('mongodb://user:password@127.0.0.1:27017/')
db = client.ku
collection = db.biao
a = []
for data in collection.find():
  a.append(data)
l = a[0]
g = l
z = str(g["name"])
z1 = int(g["jg"])
print z
msg = "1:{0}\n 2:{1}\n".format(z,z1)
w = Weixin(corpid,corpsecret)
w.send(msg)

ZABBIX 微信报警 插件

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
# __author__ = '懒懒的天空'
import requests
import sys
import json
from conf.INIFILES import read_config, write_config
import os
import datetime
from conf.BLog import Log
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
class WeiXin(object):
  def __init__(self, corpid, corpsecret): # 初始化的时候需要获取corpid和corpsecret,需要从管理后台获取
    self.__params = {
      'corpid': corpid,
      'corpsecret': corpsecret
    }
    self.url_get_token = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken'
    self.url_send = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?'
    self.__token = self.__get_token()
    self.__token_params = {
      'access_token': self.__token
    }
  def __raise_error(self, res):
    raise Exception('error code: %s,error message: %s' % (res.json()['errcode'], res.json()['errmsg']))
    global senderr
    sendstatus = False
    senderr = 'error code: %s,error message: %s' % (res.json()['errcode'], res.json()['errmsg'])
  def __get_token(self):
    # print self.url_get_token
    headers = {'content-type': 'application/json'}
    res = requests.get(self.url_get_token, headers=headers, params=self.__params)
    try:
      return res.json()['access_token']
    except:
      self.__raise_error(res.content)
  def send_message(self, agentid, messages, userid='', toparty=''):
    payload = {
      'touser': userid,
      'toparty': toparty,
      'agentid': agentid,
      "msgtype": "news",
      "news": messages
    }
    headers = {'content-type': 'application/json'}
    data = json.dumps(payload, ensure_ascii=False).encode('utf-8')
    params = self.__token_params
    res = requests.post(self.url_send, headers=headers, params=params, data=data)
    try:
      return res.json()
    except:
      self.__raise_error(res)
def main(send_to, subject, content):
  try:
    global sendstatus
    global senderr
    data = ''
    messages = {}
    body = {}
    config_file_path = get_path()
    CorpID = read_config(config_file_path, 'wei', "CorpID")
    CorpSecret = read_config(config_file_path, 'wei', "CorpSecret")
    agentid = read_config(config_file_path, 'wei', "agentid")
    web = read_config(config_file_path, 'wei', "web")
    content = json.loads(content)
    messages["message_url"] = web
    body["url"] = web + "history.php?action=showgraph&itemids[]=" + content[u'监控ID']
    warn_message = ''
    if content[u'当前状态'] == 'PROBLEM':
      body["title"] = "服务器故障"
      warn_message += subject + '\n'
      warn_message += '详情:\n'
      warn_message += '告警等级:'+ content[u'告警等级'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '告警时间:'+ content[u'告警时间'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '告警地址:'+ content[u'告警地址'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '持续时间:'+ content[u'持续时间'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '监控项目:'+ content[u'监控项目'] + '\n'
      warn_message += content[u'告警主机'] + '故障(' + content[u'事件ID']+ ')'
    else:
      body["title"] = "服务器恢复"
      warn_message += subject + '\n'
      warn_message += '详情:\n'
      warn_message += '告警等级:'+ content[u'告警等级'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '恢复时间:'+ content[u'恢复时间'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '告警地址:'+ content[u'告警地址'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '持续时间:'+ content[u'持续时间'] + '\n'
      warn_message += '监控项目:'+ content[u'监控项目'] + '\n'
      warn_message += content[u'告警主机'] + '恢复(' + content[u'事件ID']+ ')'
    body['description'] = warn_message
    data = []
    data.append(body)
    messages['articles'] = data
    wx = WeiXin(CorpID, CorpSecret)
    data = wx.send_message(toparty=send_to, agentid=agentid, messages=messages)
    sendstatus = True
  except Exception, e:
    senderr = str(e)
    sendstatus = False
  logwrite(sendstatus, data)
def get_path():
  path = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(sys.argv[0]))
  config_path = path + '/config.ini'
  return config_path
def logwrite(sendstatus, content):
  logpath = '/var/log/zabbix/weixin'
  if not sendstatus:
    content = senderr
  t = datetime.datetime.now()
  daytime = t.strftime('%Y-%m-%d')
  daylogfile = logpath+'/'+str(daytime)+'.log'
  logger = Log(daylogfile, level="info", is_console=False, mbs=5, count=5)
  os.system('chown zabbix.zabbix {0}'.format(daylogfile))
  logger.info(content)
if __name__ == "__main__":
  if len(sys.argv) > 1:
    send_to = sys.argv[1]
    subject = sys.argv[2]
    content = sys.argv[3]
    logwrite(True, content)
    main(send_to, subject, content)

python实现微信企业号的文本消息推送

#!/usr/bin/python
# _*_coding:utf-8 _*_
import urllib2
import json
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
def gettoken(corpid, corpsecret):
  gettoken_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=' + corpid + '&corpsecret=' + corpsecret
  try:
    token_file = urllib2.urlopen(gettoken_url)
  except urllib2.HTTPError as e:
    print e.code
    print e.read().decode("utf8")
    sys.exit()
  token_data = token_file.read().decode('utf-8')
  token_json = json.loads(token_data)
  token_json.keys()
  token = token_json['access_token']
  return token
def senddata(access_token, user, party, agent, subject, content):
  send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token=' + access_token
  send_values = "{\"touser\":\"" + user + "\",\"toparty\":\"" + party + "\",\"totag\":\"\",\"msgtype\":\"text\",\"agentid\":\"" + agent + "\",\"text\":{\"content\":\"" + subject + "\n" + content + "\"},\"safe\":\"0\"}"
  send_request = urllib2.Request(send_url, send_values)
  response = json.loads(urllib2.urlopen(send_request).read())
  print str(response)
if __name__ == '__main__':
  user = str(sys.argv[1]) # 参数1:发送给用户的账号,必须关注企业号,并对企业号有发消息权限
  party = str(sys.argv[2]) # 参数2:发送给组的id号,必须对企业号有权限
  agent = str(sys.argv[3]) # 参数3:企业号中的应用id
  subject = str(sys.argv[4]) # 参数4:标题【消息内容的一部分】
  content = str(sys.argv[5]) # 参数5:文本具体内容
  corpid = 'CorpID' # CorpID是企业号的标识
  corpsecret = 'corpsecretSecret' # corpsecretSecret是管理组凭证密钥
  try:
    accesstoken = gettoken(corpid, corpsecret)
    senddata(accesstoken, user, party, agent, subject, content)
  except Exception, e:
    print str(e) + "Error Please Check \"corpid\" or \"corpsecret\" Config"

Nagios调用Python程序控制微信公众平台发布报警信息

vim Notify-host-by-weixin-party.py 
import urllib.request
import json
import sys
#以上是导入模块
#创建获取AccessToken的方法
def gettoken(corp_id,corp_secret):
  gettoken_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=' + corp_id + '&corpsecret=' + corp_secret
  try:
    token_file = urllib.request.urlopen(gettoken_url)
  except urllib.error.HTTPError as e:
    print(e.code)
    print(e.read().decode("utf8"))
  token_data = token_file.read().decode('utf-8')
  token_json = json.loads(token_data)
  token_json.keys()
  token = token_json['access_token']
  return token
#这里是发送消息的方法
def senddata(access_token,notify_str):
  send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token=' + access_token
#我传入的参数是一段字符串每个信息用separator连起来,只要再用字符串的split("separator")方法分开信息就可以了。
  notifydata = notify_str.split("separator")
  party = notifydata[0]
  cationtype = notifydata[1]
  name = notifydata[2]
  state = notifydata[3]
  address = notifydata[4]
  output = notifydata[5]
  datatime = notifydata[6]
#  content = '[擦汗]Host Notification[擦汗]\n\n类型: ' + cationtype + '\n主机名: ' + name + '\n状态: ' + state + '\nIP地址: ' + address + '\n摘要: ' + output + '\n时间: ' + datatime + '\n'
  if cationtype == "RECOVERY":
    content = '[嘘]' + address + ' is ' + state + '[嘘]\n\nIP地址: ' + address + '\n主要用途: ' + name + '\n当前状态: ' + state + '\n\n日志摘要: ' + output + '\n检测时间: ' + datatime + '\n'
  else:
    content = '[擦汗]' + address + ' is ' + state + '[擦汗]\n\nIP地址: ' + address + '\n主要用途: ' + name + '\n当前状态: ' + state + '\n\n日志摘要: ' + output + '\n检测时间: ' + datatime + '\n'
  send_values = {
    "toparty":party,
    "totag":"2",
    "msgtype":"text",
    "agentid":"15",
    "text":{
      "content":content
      },
    "safe":"0"
    }
  send_data = json.dumps(send_values, ensure_ascii=False).encode(encoding='UTF8')
#设置为非ascii解析,使其支持中文
  send_request = urllib.request.Request(send_url, send_data)
  response = urllib.request.urlopen(send_request)
#这个是返回微信公共平台的信息,调试时比较有用
  msg = response.read()
  return msg
default_encoding = 'utf-8'
if sys.getdefaultencoding() != default_encoding:
  reload(sys)
  sys.setdefaultencoding(default_encoding)
#我编辑的脚本是要获取nagios传入的一段参数的(字符串),下面这条代码是获取执行脚本后获取的第一个参数(经测试nagios只能传入一个参进python,所以把所有包括用户名跟报警主机报警信息放进一个字符串里)
notifystr = str(sys.argv[1])
corpid = 'wxb6162862801114c9da602'  
corpsecret = '2nCsNcHxepBCV4U9Lcf-23By1RGzU1Zs422tdJpKTQzqjQ1b26IFxP76ydG2rKkchGN6E'
accesstoken = gettoken(corpid,corpsecret)
msg = senddata(accesstoken,notifystr)
print(msg)
[root@localhost python]# vim Notify-service-by-weixin-party.py 
import urllib.request
import json
import sys
def gettoken(corp_id,corp_secret):
  gettoken_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=' + corp_id + '&corpsecret=' + corp_secret
  try:
    token_file = urllib.request.urlopen(gettoken_url)
  except urllib.error.HTTPError as e:
    print(e.code)
    print(e.read().decode("utf8"))
  token_data = token_file.read().decode('utf-8')
  token_json = json.loads(token_data)
  token_json.keys()
  token = token_json['access_token']
  return token
def senddata(access_token,notify_str):
  send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token=' + access_token
  notifydata = notify_str.split("separator")
  party = notifydata[0]
  cationtype = notifydata[1]
  desc = notifydata[2]
  alias = notifydata[3]
  address = notifydata[4]
  state = notifydata[5]
  datatime = notifydata[6]
  output = notifydata[7]
#  content ='[擦汗]Service Notification [擦汗]\n\n类型: ' + cationtype + '\n\n服务名: ' + desc + '\n主机名: ' + alias + '\nIP址: ' + address + '\n状态: ' + state + '\n时间: ' + datatime + '\n摘要:\n' + output + '\n'
  if cationtype == "RECOVERY":
    content ='[鼓掌]' + desc + ' is ' + state + '[鼓掌]\n\nIP地址: ' + address + '\n主要用途: ' + alias + '\n服务状态: ' + desc + ' is ' + state + '\n检测时间: ' + datatime + '\n日志摘要: \n' + output + '\n'
  else:
    content ='[擦汗]' + desc + ' is ' + state + '[擦汗]\n\nIP地址: ' + address + '\n主要用途: ' + alias + '\n服务状态: ' + desc + ' is ' + state + '\n检测时间: ' + datatime + '\n日志摘要: \n' + output + '\n'
  send_values = {
    "toparty":party,
    "totag":"2",
    "msgtype":"text",
    "agentid":"15",
    "text":{
      "content":content
      },
    "safe":"0"
    }
  send_data = json.dumps(send_values, ensure_ascii=False).encode(encoding='UTF8')
  send_request = urllib.request.Request(send_url, send_data)
  response = urllib.request.urlopen(send_request)
  msg = response.read()
  return msg
default_encoding = 'utf-8'
if sys.getdefaultencoding() != default_encoding:
  reload(sys)
  sys.setdefaultencoding(default_encoding)
notifystr = str(sys.argv[1])
corpid = 'wxb616286d28ds01114c9da602'
corpsecret = '2nCsNcHxepBCdtgV4U9Lcf-23By1RGzUgh1Zs422tdJpKTQzqjQ1b26IFxP76ydG2rKkchGN6E'
accesstoken = gettoken(corpid,corpsecret)
msg = senddata(accesstoken,notifystr)
print(msg)

shell和Python调用企业微信服务号进行报警

#!/bin/bash
corpid="wxd6b3"
corpsecret="aJTaPaGjW"
access_token=`curl -s "https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=$corpid&corpsecret=$corpsecret" |jq '.access_token' | awk -F'"' '{print $2}'`
curl -l -H "Content-type: application/json" -X POST -d '{"touser":"@all","msgtype":"text","toparty":"14","agentid":"14","text":{"content":"测试"} , "safe":"0"}'   "

Python脚本如下:

# coding:utf-8
import sys
import urllib2
import time
import json
import requests
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
#title = sys.argv[2]  # 位置参数获取title 适用于zabbix
#content = sys.argv[3] # 位置参数获取content 适用于zabbix
title = "title 测试"  # 位置参数获取title 适用于zabbix
content = "content 测试" # 位置参数获取content 适用于zabbix
class Token(object):
  # 获取token
  def __init__(self, corpid, corpsecret):
    self.baseurl = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid={0}&corpsecret={1}'.format(
      corpid, corpsecret)
    self.expire_time = sys.maxint
  def get_token(self):
    if self.expire_time > time.time():
      request = urllib2.Request(self.baseurl)
      response = urllib2.urlopen(request)
      ret = response.read().strip()
      ret = json.loads(ret)
      if 'errcode' in ret.keys():
        print >> ret['errmsg'], sys.stderr
        sys.exit(1)
      self.expire_time = time.time() + ret['expires_in']
      self.access_token = ret['access_token']
    return self.access_token
def send_msg(title, content):
  # 发送消息
  corpid = "" # 填写自己应用的
  corpsecret = "" # 填写自己应用的
  qs_token = Token(corpid=corpid, corpsecret=corpsecret).get_token()
  url = "https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token={0}".format(
    qs_token)
  payload = {
    "touser": "@all",
    "msgtype": "text",
    "agentid": "14",
    "text": {
          "content": "标题:{0}\n 内容:{1}".format(title, content)
    },
    "safe": "0"
  }
  ret = requests.post(url, data=json.dumps(payload, ensure_ascii=False))
  print ret.json()
if __name__ == '__main__':
  # print title, content
  send_msg(title, content)

python利用微信订阅号报警

# coding=utf-8
import urllib
import urllib2
import cookielib
import json
import sys
data={'username':'yaokuaile-99',
   'pwd':'f4bb2d8abe7a799ad62495a912ae3363',
   'imgcode':'',
   'f':'json'
   }
cj=cookielib.LWPCookieJar()
opener=urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj))
urllib2.install_opener(opener)
def getToken():
  headers = {'Accept': 'application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01',
        'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip,deflate,sdch',
        'Accept-Language': 'zh-CN,zh;q=0.8',
        'Connection': 'keep-alive',
        'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8',
        'Content-Length': '74',
        'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8',
        'Host': 'mp.weixin.qq.com',
        'Origin': 'https://mp.weixin.qq.com',
        'Referer': 'https://mp.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/loginpage?t=wxm2-login&lang=zh_CN',
        'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/33.0.1750.154 Safari/537.36',
        'X-Requested-With': 'XMLHttpRequest',
       }
  req = urllib2.Request('https://mp.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/login?lang=zh_CN',urllib.urlencode(data),headers)
  ret = urllib2.urlopen(req)
  retread= ret.read()
  token = json.loads(retread)
  token=token['redirect_url'][44:]
  return token
### send msg
def sendWeixin(msg,token,tofakeid):
  msg = msg
  token = token
  data1 = {'type':'1','content':msg,'imgcode':'','imgcode':'','tofakeid':tofakeid,'f':'json','token':token,'ajax':'1'}
  headers = {'Accept':'*/*',
        'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip,deflate,sdch',
        'Accept-Language': 'zh-CN,zh;q=0.8',
        'Connection': 'keep-alive',
        'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8',
        'Host': 'mp.weixin.qq.com',
        'Origin': 'https://mp.weixin.qq.com',
        'Referer': 'https://mp.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/singlemsgpage?msgid=&source=&count=20&t=wxm-singlechat&fromfakeid=150890&token=%s&lang=zh_CN',
        'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/33.0.1750.154 Safari/537.36',
        'X-Requested-With':'XMLHttpRequest',
        }
  req2 = urllib2.Request('https://mp.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/singlesend?t=ajax-response&f=json&lang=zh_CN',urllib.urlencode(data1),headers)
  ret2=urllib2.urlopen(req2)
if __name__=='__main__':
  '''
  useage: ./send_wx.py msg
  '''
  token = getToken()
  msg = sys.argv[1:]
  msg = '\n'.join(msg)
  tofakeid = '2443746922'
  sendWeixin(msg, token, tofakeid)
#!/usr/bin/env python
#-*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import urllib2,json
import datetime,time
from config import *
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding("utf-8")
class WechatPush():
  def __init__(self,appid,secrect,file_name):
    # 传入appid
    self.appid = appid
    # 传入密码
    self.secrect = secrect
    # 传入记录token和过期时间的文件名
    self.file_name=file_name
  def build_timestamp(self,interval):
    # 传入时间间隔,得到指定interval后的时间 格式为"2015-07-01 14:41:40"
    now = datetime.datetime.now()
    delta = datetime.timedelta(seconds=interval)
    now_interval=now + delta
    return now_interval.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
  def check_token_expires(self):
    # 判断token是否过期
    with open(self.file_name,'r') as f:
      line=f.read()
      if len(line)>0:
        expires_time=line.split(",")[1]
        token=line.split(",")[0]
      else:
        return "","true"
    curr_time=time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
    # 如果过期返回false
    if curr_time>expires_time:
      return token,"false"
    # 没过期返回true
    else:
      return token,"true"
  def getToken(self):
    # 获取accessToken
    url = 'https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/token?grant_type=client_credential&appid='+self.appid + "&secret="+self.secrect
    try:
      f = urllib2.urlopen(url)
      s = f.read()
      # 读取json数据
      j = json.loads(s)
      j.keys()
      # 从json中获取token
      token = j['access_token']
      # 从json中获取过期时长
      expires_in =j['expires_in']
      # 将得到的过期时长减去300秒然后与当前时间做相加计算然后写入到过期文件
      write_expires=self.build_timestamp(int(expires_in-300))
      content="%s,%s" % (token,write_expires)
      with open(self.file_name,'w') as f:
        f.write(content)
    except Exception,e:
      print e
    return token
  def post_data(self,url,para_dct):
    """触发post请求微信发送最终的模板消息"""
    para_data = para_dct
    f = urllib2.urlopen(url,para_data)
    content = f.read()
    return content
  def do_push(self,touser,template_id,url,topcolor,data):
    '''推送消息 '''
    #获取存入到过期文件中的token,同时判断是否过期
    token,if_token_expires=self.check_token_expires()
    #如果过期了就重新获取token
    if if_token_expires=="false":
      token=self.getToken()
    # 背景色设置,貌似不生效  
    if topcolor.strip()=='':
      topcolor = "#7B68EE"
    #最红post的求情数据
    dict_arr = {'touser': touser, 'template_id':template_id, 'url':url, 'topcolor':topcolor,'data':data}
    json_template = json.dumps(dict_arr)
    requst_url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/template/send?access_token="+token
    content = self.post_data(requst_url,json_template)
    #读取json数据
    j = json.loads(content)
    j.keys()
    errcode = j['errcode']
    errmsg = j['errmsg']
    #print errmsg
if __name__ == "__main__":
  def alarm(title,hostname,timestap,level,message,state,tail):
    """报警函数"""
    color="#FF0000"
    data={"first":{"value":title},"keyword1":{"value":hostname,"color":color},"keyword2":{"value":timestap,"color":color},"keyword3":{"value":level,"color":color},"keyword4":{"value":message,"color":color},"keyword5":{"value":state,"color":color},"remark":{"value":tail}}
    return data
  def recover(title,message,alarm_time,recover_time,continue_time,tail):
    """恢复函数"""
    re_color="#228B22"
    data={"first":{"value":title},"content":{"value":message,"color":re_color},"occurtime":{"value":alarm_time,"color":re_color},"recovertime":{"value":recover_time,"color":re_color},"lasttime":{"value":continue_time,"color":re_color},"remark":{"value":tail}}
    return data
  # data=alarm("测试的报警消息","8.8.8.8",time.ctime(),"最高级别","然并卵","挂了","大傻路赶紧处理")
  # 实例化类
  webchart=WechatPush(appid,secrect,file_name)
  url="http://www.xiaoniu88.com"
  print len(sys.argv)
  # 发送报警消息
  if len(sys.argv) == 9:
    title=sys.argv[1]
    hostname=sys.argv[2]
    timestap=sys.argv[3]
    level=sys.argv[4]
    message=sys.argv[5]
    state=sys.argv[6]
    tail=sys.argv[7]
    print "sys.argv[1]"+sys.argv[1]
    print "sys.argv[2]"+sys.argv[2]
    print "sys.argv[3]"+sys.argv[3]
    print "sys.argv[4]"+sys.argv[4]
    print "sys.argv[5]"+sys.argv[5]
    print "sys.argv[6]"+sys.argv[6]
    print "sys.argv[7]"+sys.argv[7]
    print "sys.argv[8]"+sys.argv[8]
    with open("/etc/zabbix/moniter_scripts/test.log",'a+') as f:
      f.write(title+"\n")
      f.write(hostname+"\n")
      f.write(timestap+"\n")
      f.write(level+"\n")
      f.write(message+"\n")
      f.write(state+"\n")
      f.write(tail+"\n")
      f.write("%s_%s" % ("group",sys.argv[8])+"\n")
    data=alarm(title,hostname,timestap,level,message,state,tail)
    group_name="%s_%s" % ("group",sys.argv[8])
    for touser in eval("%s_%s" % ("group",sys.argv[8])):
      webchart.do_push(touser,alarm_id,url,"",data)
    for touser in group_super:
      webchart.do_push(touser,alarm_id,url,"",data)
  #发送恢复消息
  elif len(sys.argv) == 8:
    title=sys.argv[1]
    message=sys.argv[2]
    alarm_time=sys.argv[3]
    recover_time=sys.argv[4]
    continue_time=sys.argv[5]
    tail=sys.argv[6]
    print "sys.argv[1]"+sys.argv[1]
    print "sys.argv[2]"+sys.argv[2]
    print "sys.argv[3]"+sys.argv[3]
    print "sys.argv[4]"+sys.argv[4]
    print "sys.argv[5]"+sys.argv[5]
    print "sys.argv[6]"+sys.argv[6]
    print "sys.argv[7]"+sys.argv[7]
    data=recover(title,message,alarm_time,recover_time,continue_time,tail)
    for touser in eval("%s_%s" % ("group",sys.argv[7])):
      webchart.do_push(touser,recover_id,url,"",data)
    for touser in group_super:
      webchart.do_push(touser,recover_id,url,"",data)

zabbix使用微信报警python脚本

#!/usr/bin/python
# coding: utf-8
#python2将zabbix报警信息发送到微信。
#by linwangyi #2016-01-18
import urllib,urllib2
import json
import sys
def gettoken(corpid,corpsecret):
  gettoken_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=' + corpid + '&corpsecret=' + corpsecret
  try:
token_file = urllib2.urlopen(gettoken_url)
  except urllib2.HTTPError as e:
    print e.code
    print e.read().decode("utf8")
sys.exit()
  token_data = token_file.read().decode('utf-8')
  token_json = json.loads(token_data)
  token_json.keys()
  token = token_json['access_token']
  return token
def senddata(access_token,user,content):
  send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token=' + access_token
  send_values = {
    "touser":user,  #企业号中的用户帐号,在zabbix用户Media中配置,如果配置不正常,将按部门发送。
    "toparty":"1",  #企业号中的部门id
    "msgtype":"text", #企业号中的应用id,消息类型。
    "agentid":"1",
    "text":{
      "content":content
      },
    "safe":"0"
    }
  send_data = json.dumps(send_values, ensure_ascii=False)
  send_request = urllib2.Request(send_url, send_data)
  response = json.loads(urllib2.urlopen(send_request).read())
  print str(response)
if __name__ == '__main__':
  user = str(sys.argv[1])  #zabbix传过来的第一个参数
  content = str(sys.argv[3]) #zabbix传过来的第三个参数
  corpid = 'XXXX'  #CorpID是企业号的标识
  corpsecret = 'XXXXX' #corpsecretSecret是管理组凭证密钥
  accesstoken = gettoken(corpid,corpsecret)
  senddata(accesstoken,user,content)
#!/usr/bin/python3
# coding: utf-8
#python3将zabbix报警信息发送到微信。
#by http://sunday208.blog.51cto.com/ #2016-01-18
import urllib.request
import json
import sys
def gettoken(corp_id,corp_secret):
  gettoken_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=' + corp_id + '&corpsecret=' + corp_secret
  try:
    token_file = urllib.request.urlopen(gettoken_url)
  except urllib.error.HTTPError as e:
    print(e.code)
    print(e.read().decode("utf8"))
  token_data = token_file.read().decode('utf-8')
  token_json = json.loads(token_data)
  token_json.keys()
  token = token_json['access_token']
  return token
def senddata(access_token,user,content):
  try:
    send_url = 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/message/send?access_token=' + access_token
    send_values = {
      "touser":user, #企业号中的用户帐号,在zabbix用户Media中配置,如果配置不正常,将按部门发送。
      "toparty":"1", #企业号中的部门id
      "msgtype":"text",
      "agentid":"1",  #企业号中的应用id,消息类型。
      "text":{
        "content":content
        },
      "safe":"0"
      }
    send_data = json.dumps(send_values, ensure_ascii=False).encode(encoding='UTF8')
    send_request = urllib.request.Request(send_url, send_data)
    response = urllib.request.urlopen(send_request)
    msg = response.read()
    print("returned value : " + str(msg))
  except:
    print("returned value : " + str(msg))
default_encoding = 'utf-8'
if sys.getdefaultencoding() != default_encoding:
  reload(sys)
  sys.setdefaultencoding(default_encoding)
user = str(sys.argv[1])  #zabbix传过来的第一个参数
content = str(sys.argv[3]) #zabbix传过来的第三个参数
corpid = 'XXXX'  #CorpID是企业号的标识
corpsecret = 'XXXXX' #corpsecretSecret是管理组凭证密钥
accesstoken = gettoken(corpid,corpsecret)
senddata(accesstoken,user,content)

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的python利用微信公众号实现报警功能 ,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问欢迎给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的!

您可能感兴趣的文章:


  • 本文相关:
  • python微信公众号开发简单流程
  • python微信公众号开发平台
  • 使用 python 实现微信公众号粉丝迁移流程
  • python爬虫_微信公众号推送信息爬取的实例
  • python实现的微信公众号群发图片与文本消息功能实例详解
  • python实现给微信公众号发送消息的方法
  • python开发之快速搭建自动回复微信公众号功能
  • 在django中输出matplotlib生成的图片方法
  • python读取properties配置文件操作示例
  • python编程实现归并排序
  • python 关于反射和类的特殊成员方法
  • 使用python通过win32 com打开excel并添加sheet的方法
  • python使用py2exe打包程序介绍
  • python linecache.getline()读取文件中特定一行的脚本
  • 使用python编写简单的小程序编译成exe跑在win10上
  • 详解tensorflow数据读取有三种方式(next_batch)
  • python代码缩进和测试模块示例详解
  • 免责声明 - 关于我们 - 联系我们 - 广告联系 - 友情链接 - 帮助中心 - 频道导航
    Copyright © 2017 www.zgxue.com All Rights Reserved